Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php on line 157

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php on line 221

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 308

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 347

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 535

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 805

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/component.php on line 125

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 687

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 55

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php on line 89

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 275

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 289

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 243

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::classify() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 246

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 397

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::singularize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 397

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 303

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 287

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 288

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 289

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 247

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 418

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 425

Strict Standards: Non-static method Security::inactiveMins() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 145

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php:157) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 154

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php:157) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 154

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/dispatcher.php:157) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 155

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::extract() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 294

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::insert() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 364

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::extract() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 365

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::insert() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 364

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::extract() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 365

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::insert() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 364

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::extract() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/session.php on line 365

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 335

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 84

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 107

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 226

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 227

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 286

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::addObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 288

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 1542

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 223

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 227

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 223

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 227

Strict Standards: Declaration of DboSource::fields() should be compatible with DataSource::fields($fields) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 1817

Strict Standards: Declaration of DboMysql::listSources() should be compatible with DboSource::listSources($data = NULL) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/dbo/dbo_mysql.php on line 555

Strict Standards: Declaration of DboMysql::describe() should be compatible with DataSource::describe($model) in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/dbo/dbo_mysql.php on line 555

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 85

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 86

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::tableize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 302

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::pluralize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 385

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 385

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 146

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method Set::pushDiff() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 148

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 512

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 142

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 151

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 142

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/dbo_source.php on line 151

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 589

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 233

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 245

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 233

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 245

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 335

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 226

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 227

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 286

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::addObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 288

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 1542

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::tableize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 302

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::pluralize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 385

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 385

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 512

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 589

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 233

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 245

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 233

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getSourceName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/datasources/datasource.php on line 245

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 123

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 707

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 589

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 1125

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 589

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 1125

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getDataSource() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/model_php5.php on line 589

Strict Standards: Non-static method ConnectionManager::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/model/connection_manager.php on line 96

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::addObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 225

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 541

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 541

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::keys() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 547

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 102

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::isKeySet() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 549

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/controller/controller.php on line 550

Strict Standards: Non-static method ClassRegistry::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/class_registry.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 489

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 506

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 362

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::variable() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 685

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 362

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::variable() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 685

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 362

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/basics.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::variable() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 685

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::camelize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Inflector::underscore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/inflector.php on line 409

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 544

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 411

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 603

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154
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Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 603

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berita wisata

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Menapaki Keanggunan Gunung Krakatau
Menapaki Keanggunan Gunung Krakatau

Gunung Krakatau adalah salah satu gunung berapi aktif yang berada ditengah laut tepatnya di Selat Sunda. Gunung berapi yang terletak sekitar 8 mil laut dari Pulau Sebesi, salah satu pulau yang berpenghuni. Gunung Krakatau sangat menantang untuk didaki dan menarik untuk di amati dari dekat.
Rute untuk mencapai Krakatau sangat mudah, yakni lewat Canti, Kalianda, Lampung Selatan. Dari Jakarta anda menuju arah Merak, lalu dengan menumpang kapal Ferry (Roro), Pulau Sumatera tepatnya Bakauheuni dapat ditempuh dalam 2,5 jam pelayaran. Dari sana dibutukan waktu 1 jam untuk mencapai Kalianda.
Canti merupakan pelabuhan nelayan yang terdekat dengan krakatau yang dibangun secara Swadaya oleh masyarakat. Biasanya kita dapat menyewa kapal nelayan yang berbobot mati 5 ton. Kapal tersebut melego jangkarnya kurang lebih 100 m dari garis pantai, sehingga kita beserta seluruh perlengkapan yang dibawa harus terlebih dahulu naik sampan sebelum pindah kapal. Kurang lebih 3,5 jam untuk mencapai pantai Legon Cabe, Rakata Besar. Legon ini dulunya bernama legon Burung Hantu, karena banyak sekali burung hantu, namun seiring dengan beredarnya waktu burung itu sulit ditemukan karena sering diburu. Disini, anda dapat berkemah dicekungan lembah yang berada 50 meter dari pantai. Dari Legon Cabe, perjalanan diteruskan ke Legon Cemara, pantai gunung Anak Krakatau yang memakan waktu setengah jam. Dalam perjalanan terlihat jelas keanggunan Anak Krakatau yang menjulang tinggi, sungguh dramatis, seakan kita berada di negeri antah berantah. Gunung Anak Krakatau memang menyiratkan misteri. Berbagai keanehan sejak dulu menyelimuti gunung yang berdiri kukuh di tengah laut Selat Sunda tersebut. Proses munculnya juga penuh kejutan, berawal dari letusan dahsyat “induknya”, yakni Gunung Krakatau (813 m) pada 27 Agustus 1883.
Menurut catatan sejarah yang hingga kini selalu dipromosikan jajaran pariwisata lampung, Gunung Krakatau meletus sangat dahsyat, menggemparkan dunia. Semburan lahar dan abunya mencapai ketinggian 80 km. Sementara abunya mengelilingi bumi selama beberapa tahun. Dilihat dari Amerika Utara dan Eropa, saat itu cahaya metahari tampak berwarna biru dan bulan tampak oranye.
Ledakannya menimbulkan gelombang pasang setinggi 40 m yang menyapu bersih pantai sepanjang Teluk Lampung dan pantai barat daerah Banten sekitarnya. Dikabarkan sedikitnya 36.000 orang waktu itu tewas. Mungkin tidak dilebih-lebihkan, tapi disebutkan suara letusan Gunung Krakatau tersebut bahkan sampai terdengar di Singapura dan Australia. Bahkan rangkaian gempa bumi menjalar sampai ke Australia Selatan, Sri Lanka, dan Filipina. Sebagaimana dinukilkan dalam Javanese Book of Kings, Gunung Krakatau Lama (Purba) tingginya kala itu mencapai 2.000 m dengan radius 11 km. Tapi ketika meletus ternyata ledakannya mengakibatkan tiga perempat tubuhnya hancur dan menyisakan gugusan tiga pulau kecil, yaitu Pulau Sertung, Pulau Panjang, dan Pulau Krakatau Besar.

Lahirnya Keajaiban Baru
Empat puluh empat tahun kemudian lahir keajaiban baru. Sekitar tahun 1927 para nelayan yang tengah melaut di Selat Sunda tiba-tiba terkejut. Kepulan asap hitam di permukaan laut menyembul seketika di antara tiga pulau yang ada. Hanya setahun setelah misteri kepulan asap di laut itu, serta merta muncul benda aneh. “Wajah”asli benda aneh itu makin hari semakin jelas dan ternayata itulah yang belakangan disebut Gunung Anak Krakatau. Misteri Gunung Anak Krakatau terus berlanjut. Setiap waktu keajaiban selalu muncul. Selain letusannya yang membuat wisatawan asing takjub, Letusan Gunung Anak Krakatau amat indah, ibarat kembang api di tengah pesta. Setiap sepuluh menit sekali, debu dan lava panas menyembur ke udara mencapai ketinggian 30 hingga 50 meter dari puncak. Pada senja atau malam hari, dari Pulau Sebesi (600 ha), muntahan Gunung Anak Krakatau itu bagaikan kembang api. Dari pulau Sebesi yang berjarak sekitar delapan mil laut dari Anak Krakatau, letusan gunung itu terlihat jelas. Ketinggian gunung itu tiap hari juga bertambah sekitar satu sentimeter dari semula hanya beberapa meter kini malah mencapai sekitar 230 m.
Mendaki Gunung yang berada ditengah laut merupakan tantangan tersendiri, Krakatau salah satunya. Gunung yang pernah meletus tahun 1883 ini, sekarang memiliki dua puncak yakni Rakata Besar (813 mdpl) dan Anak Krakatau (280 mdpl) yang muncul tahun 1930.
Di Pulau sekitar Krakatau berada, pertumbuhan vegetasinya sangatlah minim, terlebih di pulau Anak Rakata yang bisa dijumpai hanya pohon cemara. Malah perkembangan flora dan fauna di pulau ini sempat terhenti tatkala Anak Krakatau meletus tahun 1952 dan 1953.
Barangkali, lambatnya laju perkembangan vegetasi di kawasan ini dikarenakan aktivitas gunung Anak Krakatau. Hingga kini ketinggian gunung ini bertambah 5 cm setiap bulannya. Dari Kawahnya pun masih sering tersembur batuan dan lava, bahkan pasir yang ada di punggung gunung itu terasa panas.
Flora yang dapat ditemui sekarang diantaranya adalah kelapa (Cocos nucifera), ketapang (Terminalia catappa) dan cemara (Casuariana equisetifolia) sedangkan faunanya sering terlihat keberadaan biawak (Varanus salvator), penyu hijau (Cholonia midas), ular phyton (Phyton sp), kalong (Pteropus vampirus), burung raja udang (Alcedo atthis), kadal dan kupu-kupu.
Mendaki Anak Krakatau hanya diperkenankan mencapai punggung gunungnya saja, yakni batas aman yang diijinkan. Itupun sebenarnya sudah rawan, yakni lokasi gunungan pasir hitam panas yang menjulang bak kerucut ditemani angin yang bertiup dengan kerasnya. Dari ketinggian lereng, jelas terlihat pulau Panjang alias Rakata kecil, Sertung, Rakata Besar, Siberut dan Panaitan. Beberapa pulau karang atol dengan lautnya yang biru juga terlihat indah. Sungguh kebesaran Tuhan, sebagai Maha Pencipta dan Maha Indah.

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 361

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 361

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 603

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 361

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 603

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 361

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::read() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/view/view.php on line 603

Strict Standards: Non-static method Configure::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/indowisa/public_html/cake/cake/libs/configure.php on line 154

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